<!DOCTYPE html><!goes into damsels><HTML> <Title> Damselflies, Zygoptera, of California</TITLE> <meta name="Description" content="The on-line field guide for identification of the Damselflies found in California"> <meta name="Keywords" content=" Damselfly, damselflies, damsel flies, Odonata, California, Zygoptera, entomology, photos, pictures, images, scans, field guide, book, identification, insects, key, pond damsels, spreadwings, broadwings"> <body background="dflygreen.jpg"> <CENTER><font size=+3>California Damselflies <BR>aka <BR>California Zygoptera</font> <P>This page links to photos and information about Damselflies (Zygoptera), but not <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/caphotos/2_Anisoptera.html">Dragonflies (Anisoptera)</A> <BR><a href="http://www.sonic.net/dragonfly/"> Return to the front page of California Dragonflies/Odonata </a> </center> <HR> <P align=center> The on-line guide begins after this introduction to some of the tools that are helpful in learning about dragonflies and damselflies in California</p> <TABLE align="center"> <TR align=center> <TD align=center> <BR><font color=red><B>SORRY_ OUT OF PRINT (8-2-2018)</B></font> <BR> Revision of CA's 1st dragonfly guide: <BR><B><I><font size=+1> Common Dragonflies of California <BR> A Beginner's Pocket Guide <BR>(Revised Edition 2009)</FONT></I> <BR>includes Damselflies <BR><a href="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/revisedCAGuide.html"> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/CA_Revised_FrontCover225wide.jpg"> </A> <BR>by Kathy Biggs </B> <BR>100 species - ONLY $9.95 <BR><b>FITS IN YOUR POCKET!</B> <BR><A HREF="CAUpdates.html">Updates</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH=22% align=center> <BR><B><Font color=red size=+2>Updated - Spring 2017</font> <BR><I> Dragonflies of California <BR>and the Greater Southwest <BR>A Beginner's Guide <BR> AZ, CA, CO, NV, NM, UT - eGuide</I> <BR> Use on your Kindle, Tablet, Smartphone or computer - <I>weightless!</I> <BR> Includes damselflies <BR><A HREF="https://www.amazon.com/Dragonflies-California-Greater-Southwest-Beginners-ebook/dp/B071VJGJ4G/ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1495502519&sr=1-1&keywords=Dragonflies+of+the+Greater+Southwest"> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/kindleguidecoverAmazon.jpg"> </A> <BR>by Kathy Biggs - Price $6.99</B> <BR>Buy <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Dragonflies-California-Greater-Southwest-Beginners-ebook/dp/B071VJGJ4G/ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1495502519&sr=1-1&keywords=Dragonflies+of+the+Greater+Southwest"> through Amazon.com (Kindle app)</A> </TD> <TD WIDTH=22% align=center> <BR><B><Font color=red size=+2>2015 </FONT> <BR><font size=+1><I>Dragonflies of the Greater Southwest</I> <BR>Includes ALL the species of dragonflies found in California but not the damselflies</FONT> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/Greater_Southwest_Guide.html"> <img src="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/SWGuideCoverFRONT.jpg" height="300" width="192"></A> <BR>by Kathy Biggs </B> <BR>June 2015 <BR><Font size=-1><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/ErrataGSWGuide.html">Updates</A></font> </TD> <TD align=center> <BR>2003 <BR> The COMPLETE GUIDE for CA: <B> <BR> <font size=+1> <I>Dragonflies and Damselflies of California</I></font></B> <BR>includes damselflies <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/timsbook.html"> <img src="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/timsbooksm.jpg"> </A> <BR> <B>by Tim Manolis <font size=-1> 2003</FONT></B> <BR>4-1/2 x 7-1/4" </TD></tr> <TR align=CENTER> <td align="CENTER"> <BR><I><font size=+1><B>Dragonflies of North America, <BR> A Color and Learn Book <BR>with Activities </B> </FONT></I> (also available on a CD) <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/ColoringBook/"> <BR><IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/COLORINGcoverSmall.jpg"> </A> <BR><b>by Kathy Biggs and Tim Manolis</B> - 2006 <BR>Includes damselflies </TD> <TD> <P align=center> <BR> <font size=+1><B><I> Build a Pond for Wildlife</I> </B></FONT> <A HREF="http://bigsnestpond.net/BuildPond.html"> <BR> <img src="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/Pondduelcover.jpg"></A> <BR>by Kathy Biggs <B>March 2012</B> <BR>Attract dragonflies to your yard! <BR> NEW<BLINK>!</BLINK> Click image above to buy on a<B> CD </B> <BR>or use links below to buy as an <B>eBook <BR>(May 2012)</B> <BR>Click here to buy it as a <A HREF="http://www.amazon.com/Build-Pond-Wildlife-ebook/dp/B007YCCHHQ/ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1354127320">Kindle app at Amazon.com </A> <BR>or here to buy it as a <A href="http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/build-a-pond-for-wildlife-kathy-biggs/1111889042?ean=2940014649087">Nook app from Barnes and Noble</A> </TD> <TD align=center> <BR><B><Font color=red>SORRY - OUT OF PRINT</FONT> <br><I> Common Dragonflies of the Southwest, <BR> A Beginner's Pocket Guide</I> <BR> <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/SWGuide.html"> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.members.sonic.net/Pond/dragons/swmidcov.jpg"> </A> <BR>by Kathy Biggs 2004</B> </TD></TR> </TABLE> <TABLE BORDER CELLSPACING=1 CELLPADDING=2> <TR> <TD WIDTH="30%" align=center> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/ZygopteraTim.jpg"> <BR><FONT SIZE=+1> <CENTER> Sketch of a damselfly body <BR> showing the body parts <BR>by Tim Manolis</CENTER></FONT> </TD> <td WIDTH="60%"> <H2>DAMSELFLIES - Zygoptera: </H2> <FONT SIZE=+1> <BR> <B> size </B> - slender-bodied, generally smaller and more frail than dragonflies. Most have an eyespot on the back of each eye. <BR><B>wings </B>- when perched, all four wings are usually held together alongside or sail-like over the abdomen. <BR><B>eyes </B>- set far apart giving hammer-headed appearance. <BR><B>behaviors </B>- weak fliers, usually found not too far from water. All damselflies lay their eggs directly into vegetation. <BR><B>males</B> - a bump (genitalia) under their 2nd abdominal segment; <B> four terminal abdominal appendages.</B> <BR><B>females </B>- a wide ovipositor on the lower end of their abdomen; <B> only two terminal abdominal appendages. </B> <BR><B>California</B> - at least 41 species recorded within the state, representing 3 of the 5 American damselfly families. </FONT> </TD></TR> </TABLE> <HR><CENTER> <P align=center>Use the names below as links if you already know the family of the damselfly you wish to access, or scroll down to choose from the photo links. <BR> 1.<A href="#Coenagrionidae"> Pond Damsels - <I> Coenagrionidae</I> </A> 2.<A href="#Lestidae"> Spreadwings - <I>Lestidae</I></A> 3.<A href="#Calopterygidae"> Broad-winged Damsels <I>Calopterygidae</I></A> <P> <TABLE BORDER CELLSPACING=1 CELLPADDING=2 align=center> <TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><CENTER><A NAME="Coenagrionidae"></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><A HREF="#Argia"></A><H2> Family: POND DAMSELS - Coenagrionidae </H2> </FONT>,</center> <BR> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/pondams.jpg"> </TD> <TD width="60%"><A NAME="Coenagrionidae"></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><H2> <A HREF="#Argia"> Family: POND DAMSELS - Coenagrionidae </A></H2> </FONT> <BR><B>8 CA genera</b>, totaling 31 species: <BR><B>sizes:</B> very small to medium; lengths: 20 - 50 mm <BR><B>males:</B> usually blue and black, a few red, yellow, violet; varying degrees of color on abdomens; clear wings held alongside or over abdomen when perched, small stigmas <BR><B>females:</B> abdomen more cylindrical; most tan but some more colorful; ovipositors under segments 8-10 give them a bulky appearance <BR><B>habitats:</B> quite variable, still waters, quiet streams <BR><B>behaviors:</B> wings held closed when perched; low flying <BR><B> <A href="#Enallagma"> American Bluets <I>Enallagma</I></a></b> - CA species are blue & black patterned; perch on vegetation; wings at rest are held <U>alongside abdomen</U>; tandem oviposit at still water sites; swarm <BR><B><A href="#Taiga">Eurasian Bluet <I>Coenagrion </I></A></B> - similar to American Bluets, showing more black <BR><B><A href="#Argia"> Dancers <I>Argia</I></A></B> - most are blue & black patterned, some are lavender & black, "dancing" flight; perch on ground and/or rocks with wings held closed <U>above abdomen</U>; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/dancers_rod05.jpg">tandem oviposit in moving waters</A>; territorial wing clapping; long spines on legs <BR><B> <A href="#Ischnura">Forktails <I>Ischnura</I></A></B> - mostly black; blue on thorax & near abdomen tip; perch on emergent vegetation; females solo oviposit into floating vegetation; resting wing position variable <BR><B> <A href="#Zoniagrion">Exclamation Damsel <I>Zoniagrion</I></A></B> - one species; similar to forktails; 2 blue exclamation-like marks top of thorax <BR><B> <A href="#Telebasis">Firetails <I>Telebasis</I></A></B> - red coloring; small & petite <BR><B> <A href="#Amphiagrion">Red Damsels <I>Amphiagrion</I></A></B> - black and red coloring; small but stocky <BR><B> <A href="#Nehalennia">Sprites <I>Nehalennia</I></A></B> - RARE; metallic green coloration; small & petite </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" align=CENTER> <A href="#Lestidae"> <H2> Family: SPREADWINGS - Lestidae</H2> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/SPREADWG.JPG"> <BR></A></TD> <TD> <A href="#Lestidae"><H2> Family: SPREADWINGS - Lestidae</H2> </A> <BR><B>2 CA genera</B>, including the Pond Spreadwings and the Stream Spreadwings <BR><B> sizes: </B> small to medium/large, slender; lengths: 30 - 62 mm <BR><B> males: </B> long; dark with blues, greens; blue eyes; pruinose pale area near tip; some show more extensive pruinosity <BR><B> females: </B> more stout; less colorful; not pruinose <BR><B> habitats: </B> ponds, marshes, streams, slow rivers <BR><B> behaviors: </B> usually hold wings open when at rest, a la stealth bombers; oviposit in plant tissue that is above water level <BR><B> <A href="#Lestes"> Pond Spreadwings <I>Lestes</I></A></B> - 5 CA species; found flying at still water sites from spring through fall; patrol shoreline from emergent vegetation; pairs oviposit while in tandem into non-woody vegetation above the water level <BR><B> <A href="#Archilestes">Stream Spreadwings <i>Archilestes</I></A></B> - <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/Archilestes_grandis_californica_RAB_MX.jpg"> 2 CA species </A> - moving water sites; our largest damselflies; tandem oviposit into woody vegetation such as bay, alder & willow branches overhanging creeks/small rivers (even when dry); late season flight </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" align=CENTER> <A href="#Calopterygidae"> <H2>Family: BROAD-WINGED DAMSELS - Calopterygidae </H2><IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/BROADWG.JPG"> <BR></a> </TD> <TD> <A href="#Calopterygidae"><H2>Family: BROAD-WINGED DAMSELS - Calopterygidae </H2> </A> <BR>2 CA genera, including Jewelwing & Rubyspot <BR><B> sizes: </B> medium/large, slender; lengths: 40 - 52mm <BR><B>males:</B> large for damselflies; showy; colorful patches in wings <BR><B>females:</B> more stout; less colorful bodies and wings <BR><B>habitats:</B> streams, slow rivers, esp. with vegetation <BR><B>behaviors:</B> butterfly-like courtship &/or male display flights; perch horizontally, head down on vegetation, shoreline & mid-stream rocks <BR><B><A href="#Jewelwings">Jewelwings<I> Calopteryx</I></A></B> - 1 CA species; large broad wings with outer third black; beautiful green and blue iridescent coloration on body changes with angle of viewing; long spindly legs; butterfly-like courtship displays; males defend territories <BR><B><A href="#Rubyspots"> Rubyspots, <I>Hetaerina:</I></A></B> - 1 CA species*, males have basal quarter to third of broad wings with beautiful ruby red patches on upper surface; thorax matures to red as seen through smoky glass or to dark with reddish iridescence; very long dark legs; males duel in display flights </TD> </TR></TABLE> <TABLE BORDER CELLSPACING=1 CELLPADDING=2> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER><A NAME="Argia"></A> <A NAME="Coenagrionidae"></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><H2> <A HREF="#Argia"> Family: POND DAMSELS - Coenagrionidae </A></H2> </FONT> </center> </TD> <TD> <FONT SIZE=+1><H2> <A HREF="#Argia"> Family: POND DAMSELS - Coenagrionidae </A></H2> </FONT> <A HREF="p78ReCalif.jpg">Quick Guide to Pond Damsels (p. 78 Revised <I>Co. Dragonflies of California</i>)</A></TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="32%"> <CENTER> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/vivid_dancer_m_alternate_MG_4423.jpg" with=250 height=165> <BR>Image by Ray Bruun <P align=center><A HREF="damselwingposition.jpg">Dancer vs. Bluet wing position</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/dancers_rod05.jpg">pairs tandem ovipositing</A><BR> <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Three+Dancers_RLV.jpg">image of 3 species in pairs ovipositing</A><p> </CENTER></TD> <TD><FONT SIZE=+1><B>GENUS: <I>Argia </I>Dancers</B> </font>- 10 CA species <P><B><U>sizes</U></B>: medium, lengths 23 - 50 mm <BR><B><U>description</U></B>: males are usually blue (or violet/purplish) & black; <BR>perch with wings held well up and over back, sail-like; <BR>leg hairs 2X as long as space between them; <BR>4th leg joint has 2 rows stiff bristles; <BR>eyes often a dark blue color but not black; <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/emmas_dancer_f_MG_7386.jpg">side stripe on thorax often pinched or split</A> <BR><B><U>females</U></B>: 2 forms - most common is tan or gray where male is blue; other is like male; <BR>no vulvar spine on segment 8 <BR><B><U>nymph</U></B>: robust <BR><B><U>behavior</U></B>: flight `dance-like' (up & down); 'clap' wings when approached; <BR>alight more frequently in open spaces on rocks &/or wood rather than on vegetation; <BR>more likely at moving waters; <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EMMAS.JPG">tandem oviposit</A> <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/vivids_rod05.jpg">with male in 'sentinel' position</A> <BR>eggs laid on surface mats of algae, floating vegetation or on wood </td></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/vivid_dancer_7384.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="100TOP.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="vivid_dancer_CRW_0919.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/vividdancerPATsm.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/vivid-aw.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/vivi-kw.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/vividdancer.jpg"> male, close-up </A> <BR><A HREF="http://scottpeden.smugmug.com/Animals/In/Dragonflies-and-Damselflies/4921247_wbk4HQ#!i=2565740536&k=RLvpswr&lb=1&s=L">immature male </A> <BR><A HREF="VIVRLV.JPG"> male with mites </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/vividdancerPat2.jpg"> male, frontal close-up </A> <br><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Vivid-Dancer/8262253_SQawJ#549573806_kw7BK">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621982744454/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/VividDancer.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://nathistoc.bio.uci.edu/odonata/Argia.htm"> images at Odonata of Orange County </A> <BR><A HREF="vivi-f_DBz.jpg"> male & female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/vivid_dancer_f_home_070605_CRW_9891_JFR.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="vivid_dancer_f_raybruun.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="vivif_PH.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/vivif-kw.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/VIVIFRAB.JPG"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/VIVIDFPH.JPG"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/VividfemalePat.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/vivid_Ron Oriti.jpg">male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="100BOT.JPG"> female, close-up of thorax</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/viv-dan.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ArVivida_DosPalmas06.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www2.ups.edu/biology/museum/Argia_vividaM.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/VIV-FEM.JPG"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www2.ups.edu/biology/museum/Argia_vividaF.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/viviprcop_unusual.jpg">scan odd pair </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=vivida></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Vivid Dancer <I>Argia vivida</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, length 30 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> vivid blue & black markings; thorax top stripe has wide urn shape; side thoracic stripe pinched at mid-length; middle abdomen segment sides have small backwards pointing arrow-shaped/triangular black streaks; blue tip surrounds segments 8-10; <A HREF="cadamselphotos/5338-41 - Dancer sp - 060808 Pine Flat Rd, Healdsburg, SON, CA.jpg">when cool coloring becomes more purple</A>; immatures - milky gray <P><B>female: </B>tan/gray & black or male-like <P><B>habitat: </B> seeps, streams; wanders <P><B>CA flight period: </B> capable of flight whenever there is a prolonged warm spell <P><B>CA distribution: </B> common statewide <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/argivivi.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/100VividSpring.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/california_dancer_stillwatercrk_091607_MG_6389tilt.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/arag-m2.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CaDancer2PaulJohnson.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cadancerRAY.html"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DancerAnzaBorregoKenWilson08.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/ArgAgr2_29PS.jpg"> (new early flight data)</A> <BR><A HREF="99BOTB.JPG">male, in hand </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ARAGR02.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="99BOT.JPG">male, close-up thorax </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/CaliforniaDancer.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621929220243/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <br><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/California-Dancer/8262183_q5gPD#540630904_WcUny">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/agrioides2_calavaras05.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="agrioides04.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DANCER02.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/AGRID03B.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/agrioi-MN.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/agroides_MT05.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Agrid03.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Argia_agrioides_pair06.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www2.ups.edu/biology/museum/Argia_agrioidesMF.jpg">pair - OR </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=agrioides></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> California Dancer<I> Argia agrioides </I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small, length 27 - 35 mm <P><B>male: </B> brilliant sky-blue; thorax shoulder stripe variably forked (lower stripe can be only interrupted); blue and black abdomen with pale spots usually at side of black ring, blue "tail" segments 8-10; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARGIAPP2.GIF">distance between lower appendages from above greater than width of individual appendages, no inward pointing lobe on appendages when viewed from above</a>; dark wing veins and a stripe, not spot on side of seg. 2 <P><B>female: </B>less colorful, thicker bodied than male; usually tan and black, one form male-like <BR> <BR><B>similar species: </B>VERY similar to Aztec Dancer (see below): <BR><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARGIAPP2.GIF"> use appendages to differentiate</A> <BR><A HREF="http://azdragonfly.org/comparison/aztec-vs-california-dancer">California Dancer usually has a stripe on segment 2 while the Aztec has a spot; </A> <BR><A HREF="http://odonata.bogfoot.net/photo-pages/id_Argia_agrioides-nahuana.htm">wing vein color can be useful</A> <BR>Vivid Dancer is larger and has a richer blue, sometimes bluish-violet, color, dark triangles along side of abdomen <P><B>habitat: </B> open rivers and streams <P><B>CA flight period: </B>late February - late November <P><B>CA distribution: </B> statewide <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/argiagri.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/99ArgAgrNah.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos</B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/AZTEC01a.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/AZTEC01b.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/arag-m1.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Aztec-Dancer/8262198_FvSAi#540632048_FGRWU">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621931592349/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://creagrus.home.montereybay.com/AztecDancer.html"> images by Don Roberson at his Monterey website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/AZTEC.JPG">pairs </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/calif_dancer_shingletown_060207_MG_4391.jpg">female (probably this species)</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/AZTEC3.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="nahuanaAZ07.jpg">male - AZ </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/AztecDancerF08.jpg">female</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=nahuana></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B> Aztec Dancer<I> Argia nahuana</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small, length 27 - 35 mm <P><B>male: </B> brilliant sky-blue; thorax shoulder stripe variably forked (lower stripe can be interrupted); blue "tail" segments 8-10; <A HREF="http://azdragonfly.org/comparison/aztec-vs-california-dancer"> spot on segment 2 side (not stripe)</a> <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARGIAPP2.GIF"> distance between lower appendages from above less than width of individual appendages, inward pointing lobe on appendages when viewed from above</A> <P><B>female: </B>less colorful, thicker bodied than male; usually tan and black, another form male-like <BR> <BR><B>similar species: </B>VERY similar to California Dancer: <BR><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARGIAPP2.GIF"> use appendages to differentiate</A> <BR><A HREF="http://azdragonfly.org/comparison/aztec-vs-california-dancer">California Dancer usually has a stripe on segment 2 while the Aztec has a spot; </A> <BR><A HREF="http://odonata.bogfoot.net/photo-pages/id_Argia_agrioides-nahuana.htm">wing vein color can be useful</A> <BR>Vivid Dancer is larger and has a richer blue, sometimes bluish-violet, color, dark triangles along side of abdomen <P><B>habitat: </B> open rivers and streams <P><B>CA flight period: </B> April - November <P><B>CA distribution: </B>sporadic statewide <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/arginahu.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/99ArgAgrNah.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/paiute_dancer_fishslough_inyo_081007_MG_5868.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="107BOT5.JPG"> male, close-up of thorax </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PAUITEM4.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PAUITEM.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/pauitem2.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ArgAlb2_29PS.JPG"> male (new early flight data)</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Paiute-Dancer/8262154_2NT52#540628793_7GUSc">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.southwestbirders.com/ode_photos.htm">images by Bob Miller at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056007362/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/paiute_dancer_fishslough_inyo_081007_MG_5861.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PAUITEF2.JPG"> female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ARGALBF2.JPG"> female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PAIUTEF.JPG"> female</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ArAlbertaM2DosPalmas06.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ArAlbertaMDosPalmas06.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PaiuteMTd07.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PaiuteMDS07.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ALBERTA.JPG">immature male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PAIUTAPP.JPG">male appendages </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ALBE-FS.JPG">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=alberta> </A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Paiute Dancer <I>Argia alberta</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, length 27 - 32 mm <P><B>male: </B> smaller and darker than most other dancers; dark thoracic side stripe prominent and forked; small eye-spots; abdomen mostly dark with thin contrasting blue or grayish purple rings not quite close at the top with streaks on the lower sides, middle segments black on top; immatures colored more purple; wings clear, dark veins <P><B>female: </B> light brown/tan & black or male-like <P><B>similar species: </B>abdomen similar to Blue-ringed Dancer, but not so distinctly marked or colorful <P><B>habitat: </B> stream/pond arid areas <P><B>CA flight period:</B> February - December <P><BR><B> CA distribution:</B> all desert areas <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/argialbe.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/106argimmalb.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/blue_ringed_dancer_m_yuma_100706_MG_3276.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/blue-ri_BM.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/0310---Blue-ringed-Dancer--.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.southwestbirders.com/ode_photos.htm">images by Bob Miller at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Blue-ringed-Dancer/8262169_bgHit#540629869_B6w4S">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621931588027/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/blue_ringed_dancer_f_yuma_100606_MG_3047.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/blueringed_3_9_05.jpg">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/ar_sed_LaPaz06.jpg"> male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ArSedDosPalmas06.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SEDU-SM.html"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SEDUF03.JPG"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SEDUFS.JPG"> female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=sedula></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Blue-ringed Dancer <I>Argia sedula</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small, length 30 - 34 mm <P><B>male: </B> black abdomen has narrow blue rings separating sections, rings are closed at the top; blue "tail" 8-10 on top side only; thorax has wide dark side and top stripe; large eyespots; wings dark veined, sometimes amber tinged; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/argiapp1.jpg">use appendages to differentiate </A> <P><B>female: </B>always paler than male, showing olive-tan wherever male is blue; <A HREF="https://www.flickr.com/photos/natureali/10148231555/">wings amber-tinged</A> <P><B>similar species: </B>abdomen similar to Paiute Dancer, but more distinctly marked,and more colorful <P><B>habitat: </B> sunny sections of small/medium rivers <P><B>CA flight period: </B> February - early December <P><B>CA distribution: </B> southern Calif. and eastern desert areas <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/argisedu.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/112argalbsed.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="KiowaM03_SP.jpg"> male - NV</A> <BR><A HREF="KiowaM02_SP.jpg"> male - NV</A> <BR><A HREF="Kiowa01b.jpg"> male - NV</A> <BR><A HREF="KiowaM01a.jpg"> male - NV</A> <BR><A HREF="KiowaM01.jpg"> male - NV</A> <BR><A HREF="KiowaDancer_PD.jpg"> male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="http://edlam.net/damselthumbspages/damselimages/A_immundaM.jpg">male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="KiowaF01.jpg"> female - NV</A> <BR><A HREF="KiowaF01_SP.jpg"> female - NV</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://www2.ups.edu/biology/museum/Argia_immundaMF.jpg">male & female - TX</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=immunda></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Kiowa Dancer <I>Argia immunda</I></B> </font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, length 26 - 38 mm <P><B>male: </B> blue or blue violet & black; pale thoracic side stripe wide and irregular in shape; dark side stripe forked; large eyespots; abdominal segments 3-6 unique with thin pale basal ring & then 3 alternating black-pale- black markings each of approximately the same width; wings clear, dark veins <P><B>female: </B>tan where male is blue <P><B>habitat: </B> streams & rivers, lakes <P><B>CA flight period: </B> found once in state on May 30th <P><B>CA distribution: </B> RARE: found once in CA, known from NV & AZ <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/argiimmu.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/106argimmalb.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/emmas_dancer_m1_MG_7414.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="102TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Emmas Dancer Shast R_CK.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/emmadancer_kingscounty_052003.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/emma_DD.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/EmmasFSantaClaraCo.CoyoteCrEGilroy_PJ.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/arem-m1.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Emmas Dancer Male 3dawn.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Emmas-Dancer/8262305_cGsFk#540640521_zWWtU">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621858200733/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website</A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/EmmaDancer.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/arem-f1.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/emmas_dancer_f_MG_7386.jpg">female, close-up of thorax</A> <BR><A HREF="102BOT.JPG"> female, close-up of thorax </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/emma-f.jpg"> female, close-up of thorax </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/2emmf01.jpg"> male-like female</A> <BR><A HREF="EMMPRRLV.JPG">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/EMMAPRRB.JPG">pair </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/EMMA504.JPG">male side </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/emma504t.jpg">male top </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/emmaM1S_toulumneCo.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EMMA-01s.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EMMA-01.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EMMA-IM.JPG"> immature male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/emmapairRR6-08.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/emma504f.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EmmDanFModoc.jpg">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=emma></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Emma's Dancer <I>Argia emma</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, length 34 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> usually purplish but can be blue; thoracic side stripe pinched at middle, top stripe on thorax unique - very narrow & straight; abdomen lavender and black with no side triangles, blue 'tail' segments 8-10 can have short black vertical stripes sides of segments 8 & 9; wings have pale stigma; <a href="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/argiapp1.jpg"> compare to other species by appendages </A> <P><B>female: </B> yellowish tan or more rarely male-like; top thoracic stripe very thin; pale stigma <P><B>similar species: </B> <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EMVSVIV.JPG"> Vivid Dancer has black triangles along side of abdomen, wide top thoracic stripe, can look 'purple' when cold, females are less 'yellowish' in coloration; </A>Lavender Dancer (below) has split side thoracic stripe, wider top thoracic stripe. <P><B>behavior: </B>males perch on rocks or logs jutting above rushing streams or on the nearby shoreline rocks, and sometimes vegetation <P><B>habitat: </B> rocky streams, rivers (not likely at seeps) <P><B>CA flight period: </B> March - October <P><B>CA distribution: </B> all but southern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/argiemma.gif"> CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/102argemmtonto.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/lavender-WFresno_arroyoLeona_PJohnson.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/lavender_Dblue.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Santa Ysabel Creek 5-8-09GS.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Santa Ysabel Creek 5-8-09GS.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="Argiahinei_RG.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?user_id=user_submitted&status_id=3&can_vet=can_vet&taxon_id=&location_id=&oc=436251">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://davewelling.photoshelter.com/gallery-image/Insects-dragonflies-A-E-common-names/G00000dhv9jvVkW4/I00007uTacGiX578">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://davewelling.photoshelter.com/gallery-image/Insects-dragonflies-A-E-common-names/G00000dhv9jvVkW4/I0000YmBZ4xPR1v4">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Lavender-Dancer/8262215_D86ED#540633318_RSapw">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/LavenderDancer.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/lavendarimagesPaul.html">multiple images</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/DSC_1141GAry s.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="HINPRRAB.JPG">pair</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/DSC_1169GarySuttle.jpg"> pair</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/lavender-WFresno_arroyoLeona_PAIR_PJohnson.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="lavendarshe_DA.jpg">female - AZ </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://www2.ups.edu/biology/museum/Argia_hineiMF.jpg">pair - AZ</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=hinei></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Lavender Dancer<I> Argia hinei</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium length 30 - 35 mm <P><B>male: </B> violet when mature; thoracic shoulder stripe forked; frontal stripe wide; mature males show lower half of thorax pruinose white; segment 8-10 form contrasting blue "tail" with black under 8 & 9 only; prefers shallow rocky stream areas; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARGIAPP2.GIF">use appendages to differentiate</A> <P><B>female: </B>light brown; abdomen & thorax patterning similar to male; dark intrusions on pale tail tip <P><B>habitat: </B> streams (even ephemeral) <P><B>CA flight period: </B> May - October <P><B>CA distribution: </B> southern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/argihine.gif"> CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/104argfumihinei.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/sooty_dancer_m_clearcrk_080306_MG_1844.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/sootyPaulJohnson.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621858197005/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Sooty-Dancer/8262138_466M7#540627732_XVSEc">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/SootyDancer.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/sooty_dancer_fO_bearcrk44_051904_CRW_5717_JFR-after.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="sootyF_TonyW.jpg">male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://davewelling.photoshelter.com/gallery-image/Insects-dragonflies-A-E-common-names/G00000dhv9jvVkW4/I000088R4vBuX9HI">male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/SOOTYF.JPG">male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/sooty-f.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/sooty_dancer_f_home_070605_CRW_9886_JFR.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="SOOTYRLV.JPG">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SOOTY-MS.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Lugens03.jpg">immature male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ArgialugensDelNorteMale.jpg">immature male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Lugentop.jpg">male head & thorax top </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www2.ups.edu/biology/museum/Argia_lugensMF.jpg">male & female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/LUGNF02.JPG">female (brown) </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/lugenF03.jpg">female (blue) </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=lugens></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B> Sooty Dancer <I>Argia lugens</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> medium, length 42 - 48 mm <P><B>male: </B> large for a damselfly; unlike most Dancers, no blue near abdomen tip; thorax develops dark sooty blue pruinosity; noticeable pale ring around each segment, lacks blue 'tail'; eyes appear large because they lack obvious eyespots; wings can become slightly smoky, pale stigma; long-legged; immature patterned brown like female <P><B>female: </B> thorax patterned blue or brown; pale rings abdomen <P><B>behavior: </B>perches on rocks mid-stream <P><B>habitat: </B> rocky streams, rivers <P><B>CA flight period: </B> April - October <P><B>CA distribution: </B> widespread <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/argiluge.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/110arglugmos.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/powdered_dancer_m_yuma_100706_MG_3281.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/POWDERM.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Powdered-Dancer/8262102_Rk9SZ#540625216_Yqtia">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621931521373/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/powdered_dancer_f_yuma_100706_MG_3277.jpg">female</a> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/POWDERF.JPG">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/powdered_dancer_f_yuma_100706_MG_3266.jpg">female</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/MOES-SM.html">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/MOESTA03.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/POWD00.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/powdered_cop_05.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/MOESF03A.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/MOESF03.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/AR_MOE_IMPERIAL_F06.jpg">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=moesta></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B> Powdered Dancer <I>Argia moesta</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> medium, length 40 - 49 mm <P><B>male: </B> large for a damselfly; develops chalky/powdery pale gray pruinosity with age, especially thorax; abdomen turns more solid pale gray on segments 8-10 (no blue 'tail'); <a href="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/argiapp1.jpg">use appendages to differentiate </A> <P><B>female: </B>coppery or sky blue thorax; older females sometimes become a bit pruinose <P><B>habitat: </B> rocky rivers, windy lakes <P><B>CA flight period: </B> April - November <P><B>CA distribution: </B> southern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/argimoes.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/110arglugmos.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/northern_bluet_m_roseville_052006_MG_0340.jpg" width=250 height=161><BR>Image by Ray Bruun <BR> <BR><A HREF="damselwingposition.jpg">Bluet vs. Dancer wing position</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLTSWARM.JPG"> photo of a Bluet swarm </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/bluetonfinger.jpg">Bluet wing position</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/bluetf1_hofmann.jpg">female Bluet - non-male-like color form</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUET-F.JPG"> female Bluet - male-like color form</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/noblueta.jpg"> pair in mating "heart" </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><FONT SIZE=+1><A NAME=Enallagma></A><B>GENUS: <I>Enallagma</I> American Bluets</B></FONT> - 9 CA species ...78, 86-89 <P><B><U>description</U></B>: males are usually bright blue & black patterned; <BR>very similar in appearance to Dancers but flight not `dance-like'; <BR>wings are held folded down alongside the body, not sail-like over the back as in Dancers; <BR>leg hairs not twice as long as space between them; <BR>eyes often quite black on top unlike dancers which are more often a dark blue color; <BR>the black line on side of thorax often makes a 'jag' or 'elbow' near the head; <BR><B><U>females</U></B>: several color forms: usually tan or gray where male is blue; sometimes colored male-like but usually with much less blue; have a vulvar spine on segment 8 which Dancers lack <BR><B><U>behavior</U></B>: fly low over the water & grasses along shore; <BR> perch on vegetation with wings slightly drooping at abdomen side; <BR>copulate in wheel position (looks more like a heart than a wheel!); can last up to 44 mins; males capable of removing sperm from female's prior matings before insemination; usually tandem oviposit, but sometimes females oviposit while single; <br>eggs laid at still water sites into plant tissue - usually this is floating vegetation, but females may submerge for up to an hour ovipositing; <BR>males do not submerge with the female; can form swarms over water while ovipositing <BR><B><U>nymph</U></B>: slender, translucent, gray, brown or green; climb about on submerged vegetation along the edges of ponds; take more than 4 months to mature and about 30 mins. to transform into flying adults on emergent vegetation <BR><B><U>habitat</U></B>: still water with abundant vegetation </td></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><A NAME=Enallagma> </A><CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/northernBluet_poisonlk_061806_MG_0715.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="92TOP.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="NOBPRRLV.JPG"> pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Northern-Bluet/8262445_3Wzg8#540650248_76qV4"> images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/NorthernBluet.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056020632/detail/"> images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/northern-bluet-appendage_RAY.jpg"> appendage close-up </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/northern_bluet_f_battlecrk_081808_MG_8565.jpg">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/NOBLE01.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/northern_calavaras05.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/annenumBearCreek4_2007.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/NOBLE02.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ENANXmalebigsnest6192008.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Cyath03.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ENANXmaletopbigsnest6192008.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ENANXmale2bigsnest6192008.jpg"> male </A> <BR> <A HREF="91TOP.JPG"> male </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=annexum></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B> Northern Bluet <I>Enallagma annexum</I></B> </font>[formerly <I>E. cyathigerum </I>] ...78, 86 <P><B>size: </B> small, length 30 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> third segment more than 50% blue; side stripe is undivided with a jag near the front; large blue eyespots; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG">lower appendages longer than uppers</A>; <A href="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/alisBluet.jpg">a darker NW Coastal form exists</A> Identify to species by appendages shape using hand lens <P><B>female: </B> blue on abdomen reduced to rings, or tan and black <P><B>similar species: </B> Boreal Bluets are identical in the field; the 2 species often occur together across much of California; hybridization is known; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG">separate to species in hand by appendages</A> using 10X lens <P><B>habitat: </B> cool still or slow water <P><B>CA flight period:</B> March - early November <P><B>CA distribution:</B> statewide <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennacyat.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/92EnnAnnexBorea.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos</B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/boreal_bluet_6092.jpg">male</a> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Boreal Bluet, Modoc Plateau, 051709_SR.JPG"> young male</a> <BR><A HREF="bormrlv.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="boflyrlv.jpg">males </A> <BR><A HREF="borsrlv.jpg">males </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Boreal-Bluet/8262460_HRcAF#540651120_TdQRL"> images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621859664351/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/boreal.html"> multiple images</A> <BR><A HREF="borprrlv.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="CRADLRLV.JPG">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/bluetPR_RM.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/boreal_bluet_f_6102.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/borfrlv.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="92BOT.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="BORLFRLV.JPG">female </A> <BR><B>Scans</B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Eboreale_PumiceStoneWell7-2011.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/borealeM06Mono.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/borealGalbreath1.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/borealM05.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/borealM05pumice.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/borealM04.jpg">male </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=boreale></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B>Boreal Bluet <I>Enallagma boreale</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small, length 30 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> third segment more than 50% blue; side stripe is undivided with a jag near the front; large blue eyespots; lower appendages longer than uppers. <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG"> Identify to species by appendages shape using hand lens</A> <P><B>female: </B>much less blue ( blue reduced to rings), or tan and black <P><B>similar species: </B> Northern Bluets are identical in the field; the 2 species often occur together across much of California; hybridization is known; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG">separate to species in hand by appendages</A> using 10X lens <P><B>habitat: </B> cool still or slow water; mostly found in mountains, not in central valley <P><B>CA flight period:</B> end of March - end of September <P><B> CA distribution:</B> all, more common in north <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennabore.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/92EnnAnnexBorea.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/alkali_bluet_gooselk_091005_CRW_2855_JFR.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="ECLARAB3.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="ECLARAB1.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=432594">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/encla3.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=402927">male & female</A> <BR><A HREF="eclarab2.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Alkali-Bluet/8262470_ZtuR8#540651986_ePeBm">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056528048/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="ECLPRRAB.JPG">pair </A> <BR><B>Scans</B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ALKALI.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/alkali_05_Modoc_DB.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/clausum_Modoc_05.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ALKALI2.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/alkaliF_05_Modoc.jpg">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=clausum></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Alkali Bluet <I>Enallagma clausum</I> </B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small, length 30 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> third segment more than 50% blue; side stripe is undivided with a jag near the front & sometimes appearing pinched (somewhat similar to a Dancer's); large blue eyespots; lower appendages only a little longer than uppers. Alkali has thin side stripe; found alkali water. <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG">Identify by appendages shape using hand lens</A> <P><B>female: </B>much less blue, or tan and black; entirely pale S8; rather thin humeral stripe <P><B>habitat: </B> alkaline ponds and lakes <P><B>CA flight period:</B> May - September <P><B> CA distribution:</B> east of Sierra Nevada & Cascade Mts. <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennaclau.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/92enaClaHag.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos</B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/familiar_bluet_m_yuma_100606_MG_3228.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/civiless.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/familiar_bluet_ml_kingscounty_052003.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="FAMMRLV.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnestpond.net/Shasta/shasta2013/IMG_1599Familiar.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Familiar-Bluet-DCPond.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/civile_BM.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/familiar_bluet_m_selma_Ray.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/civile_BM.html">multiple images </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Familiar-Bluet/8262487_54j5o#540653203_aDxQh">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/FamiliarBluet.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621932068893/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.southwestbirders.com/ode_photos.htm">images by Bob Miller at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CIVILE-R.JPG"> pair </A> <BR><A HREF="FAMFRLV.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/fami-fe.jpg">female </A> <BR><B>Scans</B> <BR><A HREF="FAMILIAR04b.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUET02.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Familiar-Bluet-DCPond.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ECIVILE.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/FAMILIAR04.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/civile-Mendo.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/civile02.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/FAMIL03.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ECivile2011.jpg">pair</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.get/submission_id/410689">pair</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=civile></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B>Familiar Bluet <I>Enallagma civile</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, length 29 - 39 mm <P><B>male: </B> small comma-shaped eyespots; abdominal markings more blue than black, third segment more than 50% blue; top thorax stripe dark; upper appendages longer than lowers, large and finlike with pale "button," appears splayed when seen from above; when seen from side 'tail end' appears triangular in shape; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG">use appendages to differentiate </A> <P><B>female: </B> like male or tan and black <P><B>similar species: </B> rarer River Bluet <i>E. anna</I> has upper appendages noticeably longer and forked, only occurs east of Sierra Nevada/Cascade Mts. <BR> Northern, Boreal, & Alkali Bluets have lower appendages the longest; blue areas more angled than on E. civile; <BR>Arroyo and Tule Bluet have 3rd segment more black than blue; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG">use appendages to differentiate </A> <P><B>behavior: </B> Bluets fly low over water along shoreline; tandem oviposit on underwater plants floating at surface <P><B>habitat: </B> still waters with fields nearby; also slow waters with abundant vegetation; even cattle tanks, and brackish waters; charactersitic species at disturbed areas; tolerates organic pollution <P><B>CA flight period:</B> possibly all year in south <P><B> CA distribution:</B> common statewide; especially common in Central Valley & so. CA lowlands <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennacivi.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/93enaannciv.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER> <B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/riverbluetsRAY.jpg">males</A> <BR><A HREF="94TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/14755993">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=427757">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=425616">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/RVBLUET.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/river_bluet_f_sandcrk_080908_MG_8341.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/riverbluet.html">pairs+ </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/River-Bluet/8262587_JK7rP#540659914_BKX6p">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="94BOT.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/annaf.jpg">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/eannam1b.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/eannam2.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/river02.jpg">male </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=anna></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> River Bluet <I>Enallagma anna</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> medium, length 29 - 36 mm <P><B>male: </B> middle abdominal segments about half-blue from above; usually has a black stripe along the side of S2; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/BLUETAPP.JPG"> appendages slightly forked; uppers noticeably longer than lowers, with the top fork extending well beyond lower appendages and angled downward </a> (without a pale button on end) - noticeable to the naked eye <P><B>female: </B>pale areas blue or tan;uniformly black on the abdomen top <P><B>similar species: </B>Arroyo, Tule and Familiar Bluet are similar <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/dragons/CA_key.html#COENAGRIONIDAE"> (use CA key)</a> <BR> more common <B>Arroyo Bluet <I>E. praevarum</I></B> usually averages smaller in size - per. comm. Dennis Paulson, 2010 <P><B>habitat: </B> slow streams, ditches <P><B>CA flight period: </B> early May - September <P><B>CA distribution: </B> east of Sierra Nevada & Cascade Mts. <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennaanna.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/93enaannciv.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BajaBluet_RBledsoe.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/baja0618-07_055800.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/baja0618-07_054750.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="Enallagma_eiseni-Quitobaquito_Organ_Pipe_Cactus_national.jpg">male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="Enallagma _iseni-Quitobaquito_Organ_Pipe_Cactus_National_Monument.jpg">male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="Enallagma_eiseni_(NS)a.jpg">male - MX</A> <BR><A HREF="Enallagma_eiseni_(MI)B.jpg">male - MX</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/baja0618-07_055740.jpg">appendages</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/baja0618-07_036800.jpg">appendages</A> <BR><A HREF="Enallagma_eiseni_(female)-Quitobaquito_Organ_Pipe_Cactus_National.jpg">female - AZ</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="QuitobaquitoSprings28.6.1992EnallagmaeiseniWKHHD011.jpg">male - MX</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=eiseni></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Baja Bluet <I> Enallagma eiseni</I></B></font> NEW TO USA <P><B>size: </B> medium, length 27 - 34 mm <P><B>male: </B> distinctive - middle abdominal segments about equally blue and dark from above; dark on abdominal segments forms spears which point towards the tail (other bluets' dark areas point towards head); segments 8 - 10 blue; large blue eyespots have a connecting blue line; upper appendages noticeably longer than lowers, noticeable to the naked eye; from above have inward facing 'hooks'; lower appendages held next to abdomen, appear to be 'missing' <P><B>female: </B>pale areas blue or tan, often with greenish cast; patterning similar to male's <P><B>habitat: </B> slow streams, pools of desert oases <P><B>CA flight period:</B> Found once in the state on June 16 & 17 <P><B>CA distribution: </B> VERY RARE; found only ONCE; report & document all sightings; note:<font size=-1> this record has been contested</Font> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennaeise.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/Xenasigbaja.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos</B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/tule_bluet_rework_MG_3471.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="95TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="tule_bluet_CRW_1434.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/enca-m1.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/enca-m2.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/tule_bluet_mlih_kingscounty_052003.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/familiar_bluet_f_yuma_100606_MG_3085.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Tule-Bluet/8262540_iq3oS#549573360_aCGE9">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/TuleBluet.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984297122/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/tule_bluet_W_selma_RAy.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/tule_bluet_f_wtb_041308_MG_6497.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="95BOT.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="tule_bluet_CRW_1432.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/tule-f.jpg">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/tule2_calavaras05.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="carumculatum04.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/TULE_TRI.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/TULEMT02.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/TULE01CL.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/TULE01-2.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/TULE.JPG">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/TULE01-F.JPG">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=carunculatum></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B>Tule Bluet <I> Enallagma carunculatum </I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small, length 28 - 37 mm <P><B>male: </B>3rd segment more than 50% black; segments 3-7 more black than blue; segments 8 & 9 blue; thorax top stripe wide and dark; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG">large pale button tip of upper appendages</A> <P><B>female: </B>pale areas blue or tan; no blue on tail <P><B>similar species:</B> Arroyo Bluet has forked upper appendages <P><B>habitat: </B> lakes, ponds, streams; especially with tules <P><B>CA flight period: </B> January - December (possibly all year in the south) <P><B>CA distribution: </B> common statewide <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennacaru.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/95enacarpra.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/arroyo_bluet_m_MG_7074.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/ArroyoBluetScottPeden.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=400428">male </A> <BR><A HREF="EPRAVRAB.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/enprae1.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=421593">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=436786">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=436236">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Arroyo-Bluet/8262552_iXzrH#540657645_hpSiZ">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056524110/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/ArroyoBluet.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ARROYO01.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/arroyo8-26Tuolumne.jpg">male </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=praevarum></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Arroyo Bluet <I> Enallagma praevarum</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small, length 29 - 37 mm <P><B>male: </B> 3rd segment usually more than 50% black; each segment 3-7 50% less blue than the previous segment; segments 8 & 9 blue; thorax top stripe wide and dark; upper and lower appendages about the same length, <a href="cadamselphotos/ArroyoBluet2_JHall.jpg">upper appendages forked, top fork the longest</a> <P><B>female: </B>pale areas blue or tan; no blue on tail <P><B>similar species: </B><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG">compare to Tule Bluet by appendages;</A> <BR> rarer <B>River Bluet <I>E. anna</I></B> is found east of Sierra Nevada and Cascade mts. & usually larger in size - per per. comm. Dennis Paulson, 2010 <P><B>habitat: </B> lakes, ponds, streams, pools of rivers <P><B>CA flight period: </B> early March - end of December <P><B>CA distribution: </B> widespread but often overlooked <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennaprae.gif">CA distribution map</A> <a name=Coenagrion></A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/95enacarpra.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="0058 - Double-striped Bluet - 092411 Moabi Park, Needles, CA - Matthew Matthiessen.jpg"> male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=317779"> male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Double-striped-Bluet/8262637_VtjQW#540662887_BYRvK">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621932073915/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Double-stripedbluetPaulJohnson.jpg">photo pair</A> <BR>photo female <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/basidensAZ07.jpg">scan male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/basidensFAZ07.jpg">scan female - AZ</A></CENTER></TD> <TD VALIGN="TOP"> <a name=basidens> </A> <P><FONT SIZE=+1><B>Double-striped Bluet <I> Enallagma basidens</I></B></font> <P><B>size</b>: very small, very petite, length 21 - 28 mm <P><B> male</b>: blue and black; blue eye spots connected; both top and side thoracic stripes `doubled' (thin blue line down middle of dark stripes); blue on end of 'tail' thin, appearing to contain small bluer circles; upper appendages longest and held in divergent position; <P><B> female</b>: like male but can be pale where male is blue; has pale eye stripe <P><B>habitat</b>: ponds, lakes, and ditches <P><B>distribution</b>: southern species, rare in state; <BR>found east of the Sierra Nevada and near Arizona border <P><B>flight period</b>: end of March - October <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ennabasi.gif">CA distribution map</a> <a name=resolutum></A><A Name=Taiga></A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/96enabassemi.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> ></td></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER><B>Photos </B> <A Name=Taiga></A> <BR><A HREF="97TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="COREMRAB.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="taiga_bluet_DSCN5127.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621859641639/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website</A> <BR><A HREF="COREFRAB.JPG">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/TAIGAm1OR.jpg"> male - OR</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/TAIGAMF.JPG"> pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/taiga-prOR.jpg"> pair - OR</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/TAIGASHE.JPG"> female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD> <a name=resolutum></A><A Name=Taiga></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B> Taiga Bluet <I> Coenagrion resolutum</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, length 27 - 31 mm <P><B>male: </B> mostly black above including segments 6&7: pale blue to turquoise markings; green tinged thorax; top pale stripe can be interrupted; tear-shaped eyespots middle abdomen segments mostly black, black markings on segment 2 are U-shaped; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLUETAPP.JPG"> appendages unique (bottom of page)</a> <P><B>female: </B>turquoise, tan, or green; very large eyespots <P><B>habitat: </B> slow waters in northern mountains; prefers still, shaded water <P><B>CA flight period:</B> May - August <P><B> CA distribution:</B> uncommon; northeastern mountains <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/coenreso.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/97coeintZoni.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://jimburnsphotos.com/pages/exclamationdamsel.html">multiple images</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/exclamation_damsel_m_amrvrsac_052408_MG_6910tilt10.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ExclamDamsel_RAB_M2.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ExclamDamsel_RAB_M1.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="exca2rlv.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="EXCA1RLV.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/zoneX4_07.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www2.ups.edu/biology/museum/Zonexc.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/DSC_0335GS_SantaCruz.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/excamationis_m.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ZoneXsantabarbararecord.jpg">multiple images </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Exclamation-Damsel/8262654_2TiNF#540664186_2LNak">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056491866/detail/">images by ay Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://creagrus.home.montereybay.com/ExclamationDamsel.html">images by Don Roberson at his Monterrey Co. website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/exclamation_damsel_f_amrvrsac_052408_MG_7022.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ZONEXC~1.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ExclamDamsel_RAB_F2.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ExclamDamsel_RAB_F3.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ZOEX-F2.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ZOEX-F1.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/zoneFs_RB.jpg">brown form females </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ZoneX_Fbrown4_07.jpg">brown form female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/zonexBrownFemale.html">brown form female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Zonscn.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ZoneX2008M.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/zoneX!!06.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/zoneXf05.html">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=exclamationis></A><A NAME=Zoniagrion></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Exclamation Damsel <I>Zoniagrion exclamationis</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium; length 30 - 35 mm <P><B>male: </B> slender, forktail-like; black abdomen and thorax with blue markings; thorax top dark with a pair of turquoise exclamation marks (!!); blue on top of s1&2 and 3 tail-end segments 7-9: small dark stigma, large uniquely shaped eyespots - inner point faces inwards, while outer point faces forwards. <P><B>female: </B>similar or brown, but blue on end of abdomen is only on 2 segments, part of segments 7 and 8; !! marks on top of thorax may be merged <P><B>similar species:</B> larger than most similarly dark Forktail <I>Ischnura </I>species; <B>Swift Forktail</B> has continuous blue thoracic stripe, not !!; Pacific Forktail females can have !! but blue on abdomen end is different. <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/FORKAPP.JPG">use appendages to differentiate </A> <P><B>behavior:</B> often rests with wings held slightly open; eggs laid in leaf blades & stems <P><B>habitat: </B> permanent pools of mud-banked streams and ponds <P><B>CA flight period:</B> March - September <P><B>CA distribution: </B> CA endemic; northern coastal and central valley counties <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/zoniexcl.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/97coeintZoni.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR> <TD VALIGN="TOP" align=center> <A NAME=Ischnura> </A> <BR><IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/western_forktail_m_baumlk_090906_MG_2544.jpg"> <BR>Image by Ray Bruun <BR><BR><a href="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/NYMPH2.JPG"> nymph</A></td> <TD><FONT SIZE=+1> <B>GENUS: Forktails - <I> Ischnura </I></B> - 8 CA species </CENTER> <p> <U> <B>size</b></U>: small, lengths 20 - 35 mm <br><U><B>description</b></U>: most are black, with less blue on abdomen than others Pond Damsels; <BR>most appear black with blue showing only on thorax and end of `tail' <BR><U><B>males:</B></U> black with colored markings on thorax; <BR> most have blue markings near end of abdomen; <BR>a few species show yellow or red markings on thorax or abdomen <BR><b><U>females</U></b>: some similar to males, some not; <BR>coloration and markings differ markedly from teneral to adult stages, many show orange when immature; <BR>some become pruinose black or light gray <BR><B><U>behavior</U></b>: females oviposit unescorted into floating vegetation; <BR>may only want to mate once; bend 'tail' down to signal male that she is not receptive; <BR>eggs laid in stems & leaves of aquatic plants; <BR>perch on emergent vegetation <br><B><U>habitat</U></b>: still water with abundant vegetation </td></tr> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos</B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/swift_forktail_m_nora_052806_MG_0477.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swift1.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="swiftm_Rab.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swift_forktail_mL_nora_050104_CRW_5251_JFR-after.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftForktail_RAB_M2.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftForktail_RAB_M1.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="SWIFTRLV.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/P5014627Swift.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/swiftpr.jpg">pair in wheel </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SWIFTPR2.JPG">pair in wheel </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/swiftpr3.jpg">pair in wheel </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984335656/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Swift-Forktail/8262672_VDxan#540666449_qo5uy">images by Doug Aguillard at his website</A> </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/swift_forktail_f_nora_052806_MG_0472.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftForktail_RAB_F1.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftForktail_RAB_F2.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftForktail_RAB_F3.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swift_forktail_5234.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/swiftf.jpg">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftM3.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftMSiskiyou07b.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/SwiftForktailMTrinityCo2010Blitz.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftforktail.html">male & female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftFsiskiyou.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/swiftFSiskiyou07b.jpg"> female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=erratica></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B>Swift Forktail <I>Ischnura erratica</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, 30 - 35 mm <P><B>male: </B> two blue stripes atop black thorax, blue on thorax sides is similar in shape to that of bluets with a dark intrusion at the rear; larger than most other forktails with bolder markings; lower appendages are noticeably longer than uppers, long enough to see thru binoculars; yellow under abdomen with thin yellow rings; dark abdomen has blue atop segments # 8 - 9; stigma bi-colored with pale at the rear; large eyespots <P><B>female: </B> bright green thorax sides, eye spots, and underside; or colored like male; immatreus orange and black; abdomen top all dark <P><B> similar species:</B> larger than other similarly dark Forktail species; continuous blue side stripe, not the !! of the similarly sized Exclamation Damsel; Western Forktails are much smaller and have a much more prominent blue line between the post-ocular eye spots; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/FORKAPP.JPG">use appendages to differentiate </A> <P><B>CA habitat:</B> ponds, lakes, streams and creeks with lush vegetation, clear water <P><B>CA flight period:</B> February - September <P><B>CA distribution: </B> CA endemic; northern coastal and central valley counties <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ischerra.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/123EasternSwift.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/pacific_forktail_m_bcwa_042906_MG_0234.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="pacificMtRoach.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cervul2.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/124TOP.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cervul1.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cervula_m_ca.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/NEWDAMS2.JPG"> teneral male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/pacific_forktail_m_mccwa_040807_MG_3421crop.jpg">male appendages</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Pacific-Forktail/8262713_Yzpix#540669867_8RQMo"> images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/PacificForktail.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984378712/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website</A> <BR><A HREF="http://nathistoc.bio.uci.edu/odonata/Ischnura%20cervula.htm">images at Odonata of Orange County</A> <BR><A HREF="PCPR2RLV.JPG"> pair </A> <BR><A HREF="PAFPRRLV.JPG"> pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PACFRK.JPG"> pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/pacific_forktail_fO_nora_050105_CRW_8704_JFR.jpg">mature female</A> <BR><A HREF="124BOT.JPG"> mature female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/pacific_forktail_bearcrk_051207_MG_3695.jpg">immature female</A> <BR><A HREF="124MID.JPG"> immature female </A> <BR><A HREF="pacificFtRoach.jpg"> immature female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cervuf1.jpg"> immature female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/IMG_4450.jpg"> immature female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/pacific_forktail_fandro.jpg"> male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/pacificforktailfPaulJohnson.jpg"> male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cervulaFMaleform_PHaggard.jpg"> male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/3421930609/"> multiple individuals, differing color morphs</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DAMSEL1.JPG">nymph </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DAMSEL2.JPG">nymph </A> <BR><B>Scans </B><BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cervuMscan05.html"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CERVULAF.JPG"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CERVFT03.JPG"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PACF-FDK.JPG"> male-colored female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=cervula></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Pacific Forktail <I>Ischnura cervula</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, length 23 - 30 mm <P><B>male: </B> abdomen black with blue "tail" markings that touch top & bottom; upright 'fork' at top end of tail; black thorax top has 4 tiny blue spots, 1 each "corner", thorax sides aqua-blue; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/FORKAPP.JPG">use appendages to differentiate </A> <P><B>female: </B> immature shows stripes on top of thorax and pinkish-orange eyespot color; becomes all dark pruinose when mature; pale stigma; long hairs extend from prothorax toward the midline; abdomen tip pattern - 2 narrow blue rings bracketing segment 8;<A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cervulaFMaleform_PHaggard.jpg"> male-colored female </A> male-like form usually has larger dots atop thorax than male; all forms under magnification show pencil hairs on the hind margin of the prothorax</A> <P><B>similar species: </B><a href="http://azdragonfly.org/comparison/pacific-vs-plains-forktails"> Plains Forktail in AZ has much less of a 'fork'</a> <P><B><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/pacinyph.jpg">nymph: </A> tan or greenish <P><B>habitat: </B> weedy ponds & creeks <P><B>CA flight period: </B> all year in south (early date is usually Feb. in the north) <P><B>CA distribution: </B> common statewide <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHCERV.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/124iscerdam.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/black_fronted_forktail_mO_btlcrkwa_061905_CRW_9371_JFR.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="125TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/5671179454/sizes/o/in/photostream/">male </A> <BR><A HREF="black-fronted.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/blkfrt-m.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/AW_BKFKT.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/denticollis_m_ca.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Black-fronted_Forktail_Sutro_Baths_SFO_8-6-04_028_RLV.jpg">young male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/blfrt.jpg">immature male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/black-fronted_forktail_pair.jpg">pair </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/BlackfrontedForktail.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984382728/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Black-fronted-Forktail/8262744_GLFUK#540672006_PJ23Js">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://nathistoc.bio.uci.edu/odonata/Ischnura%20denticollis.htm">images at Odonata of Orange County </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/black_fronted_forktail_fO_mcwdcrk_031205_CRW_8237_JFR.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="125BOT.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/blfrt-f.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/blfront.html">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/bff-damsel.jpg">young female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DENTIM02.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/dentiMono06.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BlFtFkModoc.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/dentiF_Mono06.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DENTI02.JPG">male & females </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=denticollis></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Black-fronted Forktail <I>Ischnura denticollis</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small,frail; length 21 - 26 mm <P><B>male: </B> thorax top all dark with no stripes or dots, sides blue (green in immature); small circular eyespots; blue patches on top & bottom segments 8-9 do not touch; chartreuse underside; stigma has white margin at rear; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/FORKAPP.JPG">top appendages bent down.</A> <P><B>female: </B> immature - pale coral; mature green/blue thorax sides <P><B>similar species: </B> the very rare San Francisco Forktail is the 'twin' to the Black Fronted <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SF_BF.JPG"> (comparison photo)</a>, but has differently shaped appendages; lacks the white margin at the rear of the stigma: all 'Black-fronted' type forktails seen in the Bay Area that don't have white-margined stigma should be examined in hand. The two species have been known to hybridize. Compare in hand by <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SFvsB_Frontappend_AW.jpg">appendages</A> <P><B>habitat: </B> lakes, ponds, seeps <P><B>CA flight period: </B> all year in south (March is usual early date in north) <P><B>CA distribution: </B> statewide except northern coastal area <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHDENT.jpg">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/125iscden.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://jimburnsphotos.com/pages/sanfranciscoforktail.html">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/san_francisco_forktail_ftpoint_061407_MG_4927.jpg">multiple images</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/san_francisco_forktail_ftpoint_061407_MG_4927.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/SF_Forktail_DamienJulyFt.Point.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Ischnuragemina(NS).jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ISGE-M1.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/sf3_DFong.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/IMG_5468crop.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/san_francisco_forktail_ftpoint_061407_MG_4889.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/san_francisco_forktail_ftpoint_061407_MG_4917straight.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621932047233/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~shwand/odonata/san_francisco_forktail.htm"> multiple images by Alan Wight</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DSC_6624_1GarySuttleSF.jpg">pair in tandem</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/isge-pr.jpg">pair in wheel</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/ISGE-F1.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/sf2_DFong.jpg">mature female</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/sf2_DFong.jpg">mature female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/sf4_DFong.jpg">immature female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SanFranciscoForktail_Sebastopol2007.html">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SF03.html">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SF01MT.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SF01MS.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ESTEROSF.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/geminam.html">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SF-JON.JPG">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/geminaf.html">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=gemina></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> San Francisco Forktail <I>Ischnura gemina</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small, length 24 - 28 mm; wingspan ~28 mm <P><B>male: </B> thorax top and abdomen dark; blue spots on segments 8 and 9; underside chartreuse; appendages up-pointing <P><B>female: </B>cryptic brown, reddish, or male-like <P><B>similar species:</B> very similar to <B>Black-fronted Forktail</B>, hence the Latin name <I>`gemina' </I>for twin; SF Forktail is slightly more robust; compare the two by <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SFvsB_Frontappend_AW.jpg">appendages</A>, <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/FORKAPP.JPG"> appendages;</A> SF Forktail lacks white margin at rear of stigma; eye spots back of head are more circular in shape than Western's or Pacific's; hybridization ocurring. <P><B>CA habitat:</B> weedy ditches; often near salt water <P><B>CA flight period:</B> March - early November <P><B> CA distribution:</B> CA endemic; S.F. Bay Area ONLY; range shrinking; rare: currently only found SF Airport to Sonoma Co. line; PLEASE REPORT ALL SIGHTINGS <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHGEMI.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/125iscden.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/western_forktail_m_noralk_051808_MG_6814.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="123TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="perparva_M1_DA.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="PERPRRLV.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="perparve_m2_DA.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/perparM_RM.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/wsfkt1a.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984339616/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Western-Forktail/8262681_9jLxE#540667975_VKwM7">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/WesternForktail.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/western_forktail_inwheel.jpg">pair</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/western_forktail_f_sfbearcrk_062506_MG_0796.jpg">mature female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PERVF2.JPG">mature female</A> <BR><A HREF="WFORKFBC.JPG"> mature female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PERPRV-F.JPG"> mature female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PERPAR.JPG"> mature female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/western_forktail__baldmtnres_060807_MG_4590.jpg">immature female</A> <BR><A HREF="123MID.JPG"> immature female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/wfolktailf_PJohnson.jpg"> male-colored female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISPEymbignestpond6202008.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/WESTERNM.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/wforkTG.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/westfkM05.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/perparva05Modoc.jpg">young male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Isperf3.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/PERPFT03.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/WestForkimFModoc.jpg">immature female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=perparva></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Western Forktail <I>Ischnura perparva </I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, length 24 - 31 mm <P><B>male:</B> thorax top has 2 blue-green (immature green) stripes, sides on segments 8 & 9 (usually) barely touch top and bottom; small eyespots point inward. <A href="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/FORKAPP.JPG">lower appendages forked</A> <P><B>female: </B>immature orange & black with segments 1-3 mostly orange; becomes all pale pruinose at maturity <P><B>similar species:</B>Mexican Forktail in AZ & so.NV are almost identical, but have<A HREF="http://odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.get/submission_id/331848"> pale tips to their 'forks' atop s10</A> <P><B>habitat: </B> weedy ponds, creeks <P><B>similar species: </B>Swift Forktail is larger, has bi-colored stigma <P><B>behavior:</B> females lay eggs solo; only mate once, then curl their 'tail' down to signal when approached by other males signaling that they are not interested in sex! <P><B>CA flight period: </B> early March - early November <P><B>CA distribution: </B> all Calif. except Imperial County <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHPERP.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/123PerparvaDemorsa.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos</B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/citrine_forktail_m_yuma_100806_MG_3377.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CitrineForktailSanDiego.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="CIT_RG.JPG">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=427746">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=284245">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Citrine-Forktail/8262874_9xNP4#540681034_Krfy6">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621932042737/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/citrine_monroe.jpg">pair in wheel</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/citrine_forktail_f_yuma_100806_MG_3369.jpg">mature female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/citrine_Yuma_Henry.jpg">mature female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DSC_0045_GSuttle2010DosPalmas.jpg"> female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CitrineF_P3180048RP_PD.jpg">immatue female</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/CitrineForktailFWestPondIMP20070309-1e2.jpg">immature female</A> <BR><A HREF="HASF2RAB.JPG">immature female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/hasta-sm.html"> male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=411123"> male</A> <BR><A HREF="citrine2.jpg"> male side - TX</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/hast-f2.jpg"> female</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=hastata></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Citrine Forktail <I>Ischnura hastata</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, length 20 - 25 mm; smallest Odonate in North America <P><B>male: </B> abdomen (even tip) mostly yellow above & below with some black; thoracic stripes green/yellow; forewing has a pale reddish-brown stigma that is NOT touching the leading edge; hind wing has (usual) dark stigma; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/FORKAPP.JPG"> tail end YELLOW with strong 'fork'</A> <P><B>female: </B>immature is orange & black with segments 1-4 mostly orange; mature is pale pruinose on abdomen but shows dark atop thorax <P><B>habitat:</B> lushly vegetated marshes/ponds/streams <P><B>CA flight period:</B> March - November <P><B>CA distribution: </B> southern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHHAST.GIF">California distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/117heterhasta.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/ramburs_forktail_m_yuma_100706_MG_3302.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="120TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/rambur_Sddiego.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=438714">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=4740">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=438422">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/rambur.html">males </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Ramburs-Forktail/8262785_fgcN3#540673953_TrC7b">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056505384/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/ramburs_forktail_W_yuma_100706_MG_3310.jpg">pair</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ramburpr12_02.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ramburpr.html">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/ramburs_forktail_f_yuma_100606_MG_3148.jpg">immature female</A> <BR><A HREF="RAMFBM.JPG">immature f female </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/rambursgalore.html">dispersal/migratory event </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BARB-MS.JPG">young male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHNURA.JPG">comparative scan Ramburs/Desert males</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/RAMBMF03.JPG">male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BARB-FS.JPG">male-colored female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/desert.html">comparative scan Ramburs/Desert females & males</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=411124">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/is_ram_LaPaz06.jpg">male - AZ</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=ramburii></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Rambur's Forktail <I>Ischnura ramburii</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, length 27 - 35 mm <P><B>male: </B> green-blue shoulder stripe very thin, parallel sided; tiny circular eyespots; sides of thorax and segments 1-2 greenish-blue; yellowish-orange underside only of segments 3-6, black above; blue surrounds segment 8, part of 9, not top of 10; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/FORKAPP.JPG">lower appendages point straight out</A> <P><B>female: </B>male-like or Day-Glo red/orange turning tan/olive, upper surface of the abdomen solid black, not orangish, wide black stripe thorax top <P><B>similar species: </B> Desert Forktail has wider side stripe, larger tear-drop shaped eyespots and yellow from underside curls up onto top of abdomen - <A HREF="desert_rambur_compare_BM.jpg"> comparison shot Rambur's & Desert males </A>; see also <a href="http://azdragonfly.org/comparison/desert-vs-ramburs-forktail">this info from AZ</A> <P><B>habitat: </B> pond/lake/slow streams; probably increasing here in California, from which it was first recorded not many years ago. It does well in human-altered environments <P><B>CA flight period: </B> all year <P><B>CA distribution: </B> southern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHRAMB.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/120RamDes.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/desert_forktail_m_MG_3350.jpg">male</A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DesertForktail_IMG_9764_PJ2.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="barberi_DA.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="barberi_AW.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="dforktail_DHo.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/DSC_0058DesertForktail_LF.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.southwestbirders.com/ode_photos.htm">images by Bob Miller at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Desert-Forktail/8262838_pB2Sq#540677603_yVdaQ">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056516318/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/desert_forktail_W_yuma_100506_MG_2999.jpg">pair</A> <BR><A HREF="121BOT.JPG"> female - TX</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DesertF_IMG_5686RPIb_PD.jpg">female ovipositing - AZ</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/baberiMT_GK.jpg">male </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/baberiMS_GK.jpg">male </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/IsBarberi_DosPalmas06.jpg">male </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DESERT4.JPG">male </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BARBERI1.JPG">male </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BARBERI2.JPG">male </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/desertTG.jpg">male </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/DESRTM03.JPG">male </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHNURA.JPG">comparative scan Rambur's/Desert males</A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/desert.html">comparative scan Rambur's/Desert males</A> <br><A HREF="barberi04.html"> pair </A> <br><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BARBERPR.JPG">pair </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=barberi></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Desert Forktail <I>Ischnura barberi</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, length 27 - 35 mm <P><B>male: </B> pale shoulder stripe thicker than Rambur's, widest near eyes; large tear-shaped eyespots connected by a line; pale orange on mid segments curves partly up & over the abdomen leaving the dark areas on top appearing dart shaped; blue surrounds all of segments 8 & 9;<A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/FORKAPP.JPG"> lower appendages point upward</A> <P><B>female: </B>like male or pale tan-orange; narrow top stripe <P><B>similar species: </B> Rambur's Forktail has narrower side stripe, small circular shaped eyespots <A HREF="desert_rambur_compare_BM.jpg"> comparison shot Rambur's & Desert males </A>; see also <a href="http://azdragonfly.org/comparison/desert-vs-ramburs-forktail">this info from AZ</A> <P><B>habitat: </B> pond/lakes/slow streams <P><B>CA flight period: </B> early March - November <P><B>CA distribution: </B> southern Calif. & Colusa County (Bear Creek @ Sulfur Creek) <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ISCHBARB.jpg">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/120RamDes.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/SedgeSprite_RAB_M1.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/SedgeSpriteSisk7-2011.jpg">pair - Siskiyou County Voucher</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.greglasley.net/nonBirds/sedgesprite.html">male & female - MN</A> <BR><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/CA-PLU-WillowLake.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056498614/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://odonata.bogfoot.net/photo-pages/Nehalennia_irene.htm">images by Jim Johnson at his Dragonflies and Damselflies of the Northwest and Beyond website </A> <BR><B>Scans</B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/SedgeSprite2c_prPumiceStoneWell7-11.jpg">pair</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/SedgeSprite1prOR.jpg">pair - OR</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/SedgeSprite2OR.jpg">pair - OR</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/SPRTE_M1.JPG">male - WV</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/SPRTE_F1.JPG">female - WV</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=irene></A><A NAME=Nehalennia></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Sedge Sprite <I>Nehalennia irene </I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, slender, length 25 - 30 mm <P><B>male: </B> mostly dark with green; top of thorax and abdomen metallic green; middle segments at least 50% black from above; thorax top entirely metallic green, sides blue; abdomen blue in male, green for females; black areas whole length of abdomen; black spot rear of 2nd abdominal segment <P><B>CA habitat:</B> slow waters: sedge marshes/bogs/lakes/ponds/streams/rivers <P><B>female: </B>very similar to male <P><B>CA flight period:</B> June - August <P><B> CA distribution:</B> northern CA (Mt. Lassen area) <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/NEHAIREN.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/158sedge.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/western_red_damsel_lostcrk_062307_MG_5173.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="118TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="westred_CH3.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/WRedDamselGooseL051609_SR.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Western-Red-Damsel/8262862_F9sH9#540679889_fg9gC">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984228810/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/wred_CH.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/westred_RM.jpg">pair in wheel </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/western_red_damsel_hatlk_060907_MG_4735.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="118BOT.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/WRED-F.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/IMG_0399WestRed.jpg">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="amab_GK.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/WesternRedDamselM07b.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/WESTRED1OR.jpg">male - OR </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/wesredF7_05.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/W-REDS.JPG">pair </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="Amphiagrion"></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Western Red Damsel <I>Amphiagrion abbreviatum</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, length 24 - 30 mm <P><B>male: </B> stocky; hairy black head and thorax, brown eyes, black on top; bright red abdomen barely extends beyond wings; black top and/or sides segments 7-10; dark legs <P><B>female: </B>stout; pale peach to reddish; thorax tawny; rare dark pruinose form exists <P><B>habitat: </B> mountain lakes, marshes, slow streams <P><B>CA flight period: </B> April - September <P><B>CA distribution: </B> most areas <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/amphabbr.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/119red_firetail.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><A NAME=Telebasis></A> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/desert_firetail_5420.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/desert_firetail_m_roseville_052006_MG_0432.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="TELEWZ.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/DesertFiretail_Kings copy.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/firet-m.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621932030305/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/DesertFiretail.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Pond-Damsels/Desert-Firetail/8262928_Q8aRS#540685118_Qyepv">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SalvaPrRO.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Desert+Firetail_JHall.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Desert+Firetails_LMcC.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/firetpra.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/99bottom.jpg">female - AZ</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/firetail_calavaras05.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/TELEB02.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SALVA2.JPG">males </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><a name=salva> </A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Desert Firetail <I>Telebasis salva</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> very small, length 24 - 29 mm <P><B>male: </B> dainty and slender; all red abdomen extends well beyond wing tips; red face and eyes; black eye spots; thorax red with black; red legs; tip of abdomen without black <P><B>female: </B>some black thorax top; eggs laid in algae mats <P><B>habitat: </B> shallow waters with algae scum; lowlands (not just in deserts) <P><B>behavior: </B> flies in the afternoon, often seen on algae mats <P><B>CA flight period: </B> March - December <P><B>CA distribution: </B> all but far northern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/DESEFIRE.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/119red_firetail.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" align=CENTER> <A name="Lestidae"></A> <H2> Family: SPREADWINGS - Lestidae</H2> <IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/SPREADWG.JPG"> <BR></TD> <TD> <A href="#Lestidae"><H2> Family: SPREADWINGS - Lestidae</H2> </A> <BR> 2 CA genera - Pond Spreadwings and Stream Spreadwings <BR><B> sizes: </B> small to medium/large, slender; lengths: 30 - 62 mm <BR><B> males: </B> long; dark with blues, greens; blue eyes; pruinose pale area near tip; some show more extensive pruinosity <BR><B> females: </B> more stout; less colorful; not pruinose <BR><B> habitats: </B> ponds, marshes, streams, slow rivers <BR><B> behaviors: </B> often hold wings open when at rest, a la stealth bombers; oviposit in plant tissue that is above water level <BR><B><A href="#Lestes"> Pond Spreadwings <I> Lestes</I></A></B> - 5 CA species; found flying at still water sites spring through fall; patrol shoreline from emergent vegetation on which they rest; oviposit while in tandem into non-woody vegetation above the water level; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/LESTESAP.JPG"> comparison by appendages sometimes necessary for making identifications</A> <BR><B> <A href="#Archilestes">Stream Spreadwings <i>Archilestes</I></A></B> - <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/Archilestes_grandis_californica_RAB_MX.jpg">2 CA species</A>; moving water sites; our largest damselflies; tandem oviposit into woody vegetation such as bay, alder & willow branches overhanging creeks/small rivers (even when dry); late season flight </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER><A NAME="Lestes"></A> <B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/spotted_spreadwing_m_noralk_092506_MG_2777.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/spotted_RB.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Spotted_SpreadwingM_EP.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="Spotted-Spreadwing-1_RO.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622055986328/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Spreadwings/Spotted-Spreadwing/8261677_YBKmH#540592676_4bboe">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/SpottedSpreadwing.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/spottedpr.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="Spotted-Spreadwings-1ro.jpg">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/hitchhike.html">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=402246">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/congener_04.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/congener03M.html">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/congener_04.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/congener01M.html">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/spotmb00.jpg"> male underside - BC</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/congenerModoc05.html">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SPOTTED98.html">pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/spt_f022.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SPREADF.JPG">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="congener"></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B> Spotted Spreadwing <I>Lestes congener </I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, slender, length 34 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> blue eyes; thorax dark with light brown 'shoulder' stripe; first and last two abdominal segments pruinose gray-blue; other segments are dark or with a green sheen; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/spotted_Append__RBcrop.jpg">short lower appendages <50% of uppers;</A> <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/spottedunder.jpg">4 dark spots thorax underside;</A> dark brown stigma <P><B>female: </B>more stout; less colorful; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/spottedunder.jpg">4 dark spots thorax underside;</A> <P><B>habitat: </B> weedy ponds, streams <P><B>CA flight period: </B> May - December <P><B>CA distribution: </B> common statewide <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/Lestcong.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/130lesala.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/northern_spreadwing_m_poisonlake_072106_MG_1426.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="128TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Common Spreadwing_0601_DonitaHohenstein.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984145188/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Spreadwings/Northern-Spreadwing/8261694_kL9Az#540593928_K5XT2">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/l-dispr.jpg">pair in wheel </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/northern_spreadwing_fD_loganlk_080804_CRW_7265_JFR-after.jpg">female</A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/northspreadMs05b.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/NorthspreadMs05c.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/nospreadM05.jpg">male side</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/l_disGK.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cospread_Colusa_gregk.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Disjm03.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/NOSPREAD1OR.jpg">young male - OR</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/commonF_Modoc_05.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/NospreadwingF.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CO-SPDW-F.JPG">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="disjunctus"></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B> Northern [formerly Common] Spreadwing <I>Lestes disjunctus</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, slender, length 30 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> blue eyes; thorax becomes pruinose pale blue; first two and last three abdominal segment become pruinose gray-blue; other segments have dark/green sheen; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/disjappd.jpg"> lower appendages long & straight</A> but may be <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/cospd01.jpg"> held crossed</A> or like a V (examine carefully with hand lens); black stigma; <P><B>female: </B>more stout; much less pruinosity; ovipositor does NOT extend beyond end of abdomen <P><B>habitat: </B> weedy ponds, streams <P><B>CA flight period: </B> April - October <P><B>CA distribution: </B> central & northern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/LESTDISJ.jpg">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/128lesdisung.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER> <B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=318371"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/lyre_tipped_spreadwing_m_poisonlake_072106_MG_1399.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/lyre_tipped_spreadwing_m_poisonlake_072106_MG_1405.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157622056035942/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Spreadwings/Lyre-tipped-Spreadwing/8261716_FUjGS#540597881_kUeHc">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://sterlingbirds.smugmug.com/Odonata-1/Sterlings-California-Da/9605960_QtGUA#647085916_W9Bm2">images by Joohn Sterling at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/lyre_tipped_spreadwing_f_CRW_6907.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="129BOT.JPG">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/lyreTRINITYmsK_7_2005.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/lyreTRINITYmt_7_2005.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/lyreMt05spumice.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/lyreMt05pumice.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/lyreTRINITY7_2005.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/LYRE-TIP.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/LYRE-TPS.JPG"> male </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="unguiculatus"></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Lyre-tipped Spreadwing <I>Lestes unguiculatus</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, slender, length 30 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> blue eyes; thorax top dark; first & last two abdominal segments pruinose gray-blue; s8 not solidly pruinose (dark unpruinose wedge on S8);other segments are dark or have a green sheen; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/lyre_tipped_spreadwing_m_append.jpg"> lower appendages lyre-shaped</a>; dark brown stigma often has white at outer edges <P><B>female: </B>more stout; less colorful <P><B>similar species: </B>compare to Northern Spreadwing which occasionally crosses it's appendages, making them look lyre-shaped unless you check very carefully <P><B>habitat: </B> weedy ponds, streams <P><B>CA flight period: </B> June - September <P><B>CA distribution: </B> northern hills and mountains <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/LESTUNGU.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/128unguil.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER> <B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/black_spreadwing_m_roseville_052006_MG_0412.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/LEST-M1.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Black+Spreadwing_EP.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="BLACKRLV.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Lestes_stultus-Glenn_DP.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/black_spreadwing_Shasta_RayBruun.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLKSPRD.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/IMG_3032BlackSpreadwing_Orr.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLSP_CH.JPG">teneral male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Spreadwings/Black-Spreadwing/8278889_yAftB#549545641_LcQPG">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/BlackSpreadwing.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <br><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621931596597/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/spredpra.jpg">pair ovipositing </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnestpond.net/damsels/IMG_0272BlackSpreadwingOvi.JPG">pair ovipositing </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/spottedSpreadFray.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/black_spreadwing_f_MG_6632.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/blsprdf1.jpg"> teneral female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/StultusscanM02.html">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/BLCK01-2.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/F-SPREADWING-SCAN.HTML">females </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="stultus"></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Black Spreadwing <I>Lestes stultus</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, slender, length 35 - 42 mm <P><B>male: </B> top of thorax black sometimes bronzy in immature, sides blue; abdomen has metallic green sheen, first two and only last two segments show pruinose blue; <a href="cadamselphotos/raybruun/black_spreadwing_m_app_MG_6635.jpg"> appendages are long and broad at the end ("boot-shaped")</a>; stigmas tips pale; short and stocky appearance <P><B>female: </B>more stout; more brown, sometimes coppery; emerges pinkish <P><B>similar species: </B> Emerald Spreadwing has same appendage shape, but metallic emerald top to thorax (see below) <P><B>habitat: </B> sloughs, ditches, ponds <P><B>CA flight period: </B> March - late August <P><B>CA distribution: </B> mostly northern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/LESTSTUL.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/131lesstudry.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER> <B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/emerald_spreadwing_m_MG_1485.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="131TOP.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/DSC_6658RO.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/DSC_6825RO.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/IMG_2631.jpg">young male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984180924/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/emerald_spreadwing_f_CRW_6853.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/DSC_6586RO.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/DSC_6561RO.jpg">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Dryas03c.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/dryas05.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EMRLD.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/emspM05pumice.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EmeraldSprdwng_7-2009.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/emspdFpicpond.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/EMLD-F.JPG">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="dryas"> </A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Emerald Spreadwing <I>Lestes dryas</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> small/medium, slender, length 32 - 40 mm <P><B>male: </B> top of thorax bright metallic green (immature is bronzy); sides of thorax blue; abdomen bright metallic green; first two and last 2-3 segments show blue pruinosity; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/emerald_spreadwing_m_app_CRW_9088.jpg">appendages are long and broad at the end ("boot-shaped")</A> <P><B>female: </B>stocky; usually less emerald; sometimes coppery <P><B>habitat: </B> forested mountain areas <P><B>CA flight period: </B> April - early October <P><B>CA distribution: </B> hillsides statewide <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/Lestdra.gif">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/131lesstudry.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><A NAME="Archilestes"></A> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/california_spreadwing_m_noralk_100106_MG_2917.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="caspread_CH.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="caspred04c.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CASpreadIMG_0713_SR.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Archilestes_AJ.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/casprdcm2.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=284243"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ArccalM_Lake.jpg">teneral male </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/CalifSpreadwing.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621931583987/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Spreadwings/California-Spreadwing/8261664_rvbh7#540591337_9TQa8"> images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CAspread.html"> multiple images </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/california_spreadwing_f_noralk_092506_MG_2768.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="ARCHFRAB.JPG"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CASPREDIMG_0718_SR.jpg">tandem pair </A> <BR><A HREF="132BOT.JPG"> pair ovipositing </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/csprdRAB.jpg"> ovipositing pair </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CASpreadwingsDP.jpg"> ovipositing pairs </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CASPRDS2.JPG"> ovipositing pairs </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/archilestesCA.html"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CASPRED98.html"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CASPREAD99.html"> male </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="californicus"> </A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> California Spreadwing <I>Archilestes californicus</I> </B></font> <P><B>size: </B> medium/large, slender, length 48- 58 mm <P><B>male: </B> long brown body with pruinose area near tip; 2 incomplete white stripes thorax sides; blue eyes; wings colorless, stigma from above pale; upper appendages semicircular, <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/ARCHLAP.JPG">lower are short and parallel</A>; late season flier <P><B>female: </B>less colorful brown tones <P><B>similar species: </B><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/Archilestes_grandis_californica_RAB_MX.jpg"> compare to Great Spreadwing</a> which has a thoracic side stripe that is continuous across area <P><B>habitat: </B> streams with alders/willows <P><B>CA flight period: </B> June - December <P><B>CA distribution: </B> sporadic statewide; not found east of the Sierra Nevada/Cascades <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARCHCALI.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/132arcgra.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER> <B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/GreatSpreadwing_3533.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/IMG_5424GTSpreadwingDB9-09.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="133TOP.JPG">young male </A> <BR><A HREF="GRANDRAB.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/IMG_2225GreatSpreadwingAL.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/Great+Spreadwing_JHall.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=437869"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://creagrus.home.montereybay.com/odonates13.html">multiple images & story </a> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/SprdwgGr-tov4Nv06ColdCy6559.jpg">pair ovipositing </a> <BR><A HREF="greatinbays.html">pairs ovipositing into Bay Tree branches </A> <BR><A HREF="133BOT.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="grandis03_DB.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/SubmissionAction.getAll?oc=438848">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/2gtspds.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~shwand/odonata/great_spreadwing_1220.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.odonatacentral.org/index.php/GalleryAction.viewImage/id/396/submission/0/taxon_id/43736/from/bySpecies">nymph</a> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/archiCAscanM.html"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/greatspreadwing_GK.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/GTFT01.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/archiCAscanF01.html">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="grandis"></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> Great Spreadwing <I>Archilestes grandis</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> medium/large, slender, length 50 - 62 mm; North America's largest damselfly <P><B>male: </B> long abdomen gray with greenish sheen, pruinose area near tip; one continuous pale yellow side stripe on thorax (white in immature); blue eyes; dark stigma; <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARCHLAP.JPG">top appendages semicircular, lowers divergent</A>; North American's largest damselfly; late season flier <P><B>female: </B> less colorful <P><B>similar species: </B><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/Archilestes_grandis_californica_RAB_MX.jpg"> compare to CA Spreadwing</a> which has a thoracic side stripe that is not continuous across area and <A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARCHLAP.JPG">by appendages</A> <P><B>habitat: </B> streams with overhanging alders/willows/bay <P><B>CA flight period: </B> March - January (late season flier) <P><B>CA distribution: </B> very sporadic statewide; not found east of the Sierra Nevada/Cascades <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/ARCHGRAN.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/132arcgra.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%" align=CENTER> <A name="Calopterygidae"></A> <H2>Family: BROAD-WINGED DAMSELS - Calopterygidae </H2><IMG SRC="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/BROADWG.JPG"> <BR> </TD> <TD> <A href="#Calopterygidae"><H2>Family: BROAD-WINGED DAMSELS - Calopterygidae </H2> </A> 2 CA genera, Jewelwings and Rubyspots <BR><B> sizes: </B> medium/large, slender; lengths: 40 - 52mm; <BR><B>males:</B> large for damselflies; showy; colorful patches in wings <BR><B>females:</B> more stout; less colorful bodies and wings <BR><B>habitats:</B> streams, slow rivers, esp. with vegetation <BR><B>behaviors:</B> butterfly-like courtship &/or male display flights; perch horizontally, head down on vegetation, shoreline & mid-stream rocks <BR><B><A href="#Jewelwings">Jewelwings<I> Calopteryx</I></A></B> - 1 CA species; large broad wings with outer third black; beautiful green and blue iridescent coloration on body changes with angle of viewing; long spindly legs; butterfly-like courtship displays; males defend territories <BR><B><A href="#Rubyspots"> Rubyspots <I>Hetaerina</I></A></B> - 1 CA species*; males have basal quarter to third of broad wings with beautiful ruby red patches on upper surface; thorax matures to red as seen through smoky glass or to dark with reddish iridescence; very long dark legs; males duel in display flights</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><A NAME=Rubyspots> </A> <CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="136TOP.JPG">male </A> BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/am_rbspt_shstrvr_0504_5789_light.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="AMRBY_BC.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="rubym2rb.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="AMM_RLV.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/American-Rubyspot-Shasta-River.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/american_rubyspot_kingscounty_052003.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/5370aAmericanRubyspot060808PineFlatRdHealdsburg_crop.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ruby-m.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ray_Ruby.html">multiple images </A> <br><A HREF="http://montereybay.com/creagrus/AmericanRubyspot.html">images by Don Roberson at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.southwestbirders.com/ode_photos.htm">images by Bob Miller at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Broad-winged-Damsels/American-Rubyspot/8261627_Ro2re#540588447_bUPs3">images by Doug Aguillard at his website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621984264092/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://nathistoc.bio.uci.edu/odonata/Hetaerina%20americana.htm">images at Odonata of Orange County</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/american_rubyspot_f_treeofheaven_061208_MG_7535_light.jpg">female</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/rubyf_RB.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="cadamselphotos/AmericanRubyspot_11-13-04_JH.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="AMF_RLV.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/ruby-f.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/american_rubyspot_female_lateral_090702.JPG">female </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/Ruby_MODOC_05.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/RUBY01.JPG"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/RUBYfscan.html">female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME=americana></A><FONT SIZE=+1><B> American Rubyspot <I>Hetaerina americana</I></B></font> <P><B>size: </B> medium/large, length 40 - 46 mm <P><B>male: </B> wings ruby red basal 1/3 to 1/2; thorax dark with metallic red or blood red as if under black glass, pale side stripes; abdomen bronzy brown-green to red with thin pale rings; in CA usually no stigma, other states pale stigma; appendages have 1-2 toothed lobes <P><B>female: </B> less colorful; wing streaks leading edge orange, less defined, tips mostly clear, can have tiny white stigma <P><B>similar species:</B> like no other California damselfly; BUT in the southern part of CA and Merced County* compare to Canyon Rubyspot <I>H. vulnerata* </I>(see below) by appendages: vulnerata lacks tooth-like projection on inner side of upper appendages; wingtips are smoky *there is a questionable record for CA from this county <P><B>behavior: </B> perches on rocks or logs in the middle of a stream; flicks wings to attract females;holds its wings closed and off to one side of the abdomen; <BR>females may oviposit completely submerged <P><B>habitat: </B> open streams, rivers <P><B>CA flight period: </B>late February - December <P><B>CA distribution: </B> common statewide <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/RUBYSPOT.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/136hetame.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD> </TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"><CENTER> <font size=-1> <B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="137TOP.JPG">male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/CYNRUBY.JPG">male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="rubym2aj.jpg">male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="CANYONWZ.JPG">male - UT</A> <BR><A HREF="CANYDH.JPG">male - NM</A> <BR><A HREF="canydh2.jpg">male - NM</A> <BR><A HREF="http://edlam.net/damselthumbspages/damselimages/H_vulnerataM.jpg">male - AZ</A> <BR><A HREF="vulnerata_rab.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="137BOT.JPG">female - AZ </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://www.bioquipbugs.com/Search/ViewProductImages.asp?CatalogNum=8L0024">male - USA</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.bioquipbugs.com/Search/ViewProductImages.asp?CatalogNum=8L0024&P=2">female - USA</A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><font size=-1><B> *Canyon Rubyspot <I> Hetaerina vulnerata* </I></B></font>...not in CDC (revised)* <P><B>size: </B> medium/large, length 36 - 49 mm <P><B>male: </B> red at wing base usually less extensive than <B>American Rubyspot</B>'s; smoky edge/wing-tip; no stigma; compare by appendages <B>American</B> - upper appendages 1-2 toothlike lobes inside at midpoint; Canyon lacks these lobes <P><B>female: </B>less colorful; wing patches orangish, no stigma, smoky wing tips <P><B>habitat: </B> canopied streams, rivers <P><B>CA flight period: </B> not known <P><B>CA distribution: </B> *early dubious CA report, San Bernardino Co., but is known in adjacent AZ <P>NO CA distribution map <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/136hetame.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> <TR><TD WIDTH="20%"> <A NAME=Jewelwings> </A><CENTER><B>Photos </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/river_jewelwing_m_klamathEofI5_061308_MG_7549.jpg">male</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/River Jewellwing 2 Shasta R_CK.jpg">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/jewel-M2.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/JEWL01B.JPG">male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/River-Jewelwing071011Susanville.jpg"> pair in cop</A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.flickr.com/photos/bruunphoto/sets/72157621931541633/detail/">images by Ray Bruun at his Flickr website </A> <BR><A HREF="http://www.blackwaterphoto.com/Damselflies/Broad-winged-Damsels/River-Jewelwing/8261646_dRQHD#540589988_Nf4ib">images by Doug Aguillard at his website</A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/raybruun/river_jewelwing_f_treeofheaven_061208_MG_7515.jpg"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/River Jewellwing Shast R_SC.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/IMG_1263fcrop.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/JEWLSHES.JPG">females </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/jewelshe.jpg">female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/jewel-f1.JPG">female </A> <BR><A HREF="jewelimF_DB.jpg"> immature female </A> <BR><A HREF="shastajewels.html"> photos of behaviors </A> <BR><B>Scans </B> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/JEWEL.html"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/jewelscan_GK.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/RvJlwgMsModoc.jpg"> male </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/jewelshe.html"> female </A> <BR><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/jewelft1a.jpg"> female </A> </CENTER></TD> <TD><A NAME="aequabilis"></A> <FONT SIZE=+1><B> River Jewelwing <I>Calopteryx aequabilis</I></B></font> ...pg. 108,110 <P><B>female: </B>duller abdomen, pale tip; smoky wings have a contrasting pale stigma <P><B>behavior: </B> perches on rocks or logs in the middle of a stream; <A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/cadamselphotos/jewelings_Celise.jpg">butterfly-like courtship flights</A>; <BR>females sometimes oviposit totally submerged <P><B>habitat: </B> fast waters of large wooded streams/rivers; larva live in root masses <P><B>CA flight period: </B>early May - August <P><B>CA distribution: </B> northern Calif. <P><A HREF="http://www.sonic.net/~bigsnest/Pond/Lists/JEWELWNG.GIF">CA distribution map</A> <P><A HREF="http://bigsnest.powweb.com/southwestdragonflies/damsels/134calaeq.jpg">Southwestern distribution map</A> </TD></TR> </TABLE> <HR> <center> <form action="https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr" method="post"> <input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="_xclick"> <input type="hidden" name="business" value="azalea@sonic.net"> <input type="hidden" name="item_name" value="California Dragonflies Website"> <input type="hidden" name="item_number" value="0967793408"> <input type="hidden" name="no_note" value="1"> <input type="hidden" name="currency_code" value="USD"> <input type="hidden" name="tax" value="0"> <input type="hidden" name="bn" value="PP-DonationsBF"> <input type="image" src="https://www.paypal.com/en_US/i/btn/x-click-but21.gif" border="0" name="submit" alt="Make payments with PayPal - it's fast, free and secure!"> </form> This site is 100% privately maintained. 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